SHEF 2006-07



Full-Time-Equivalent (FTE) Enrollment:
A measure of enrollment equal to one student enrolled full-time for one academic year, based on all credit hours (including summer sessions). The SHEF data capture FTE enrollment in public institutions of higher education in those credit or contact hours associated with courses that apply to a degree or certificate, excluding non-credit continuing education, adult education, or extension courses.

If courses meet the "formal award potential" criterion, they may include vocational-technical, remedial, and other program enrollments at two-year community college and state-approved area vocational-technical centers. Medical school enrollments are reported but set aside from the net FTE used in "funding per FTE" calculations because states vary widely in the extent of medical school funding.

The FTE calculation differs with the type and level of instruction:

  • Contact hour courses: One annual FTE is the sum of total contact hours divided by nine hundred.
  • Undergraduate credit hour courses: One annual FTE is the sum of total credits divided by thirty (for semester-based calendar systems) or forty-five (for quarter systems).
  • Graduate and first professional credit hour courses: One annual FTE is the sum of total credits divided by twenty-four (for semester systems) or thirty-six (for quarter systems).


Money set aside by formal legislative action for a specific use.

Educational Appropriations:
Net State Support for Public Higher Education plus Local Tax Appropriations minus Research, Agricultural, and Medical (RAM) appropriations.

Gross State Support:
The sum of State Tax Appropriations plus:

  • Funding under state auspices for appropriated non-tax state support (e.g., lotteries, casinos, and tobacco settlement funds) set aside for higher education;
  • Funding under state auspices for non-appropriated state support (e.g., monies from receipt of lease income, cattle grazing rights, and oil/mineral extraction fees on land) set aside for higher education;
  • Sums destined for higher education but appropriated to some other state agency (e.g., administered funds or funds intended for faculty/staff fringe benefits that are appropriated to the state treasurer);
  • Interest or earnings received from state-funded endowments pledged to public sector institutions;
  • Portions of multi-year appropriations from previous years; and
  • State appropriated financial aid not included in your Grapevine number.

Local Tax Appropriations:
Annual appropriations from local government taxes for public higher education institution operating expenses.

Net State Support:
State support for public higher education annual operating expenses. The difference resulting from Gross State Support less:

  • Appropriations returned to the state;
  • State-appropriated funds derived from federal sources;
  • Portions of multi-year appropriations to be distributed over subsequent years;
  • Tuition charges remitted to the state to offset state appropriation;
  • Tuition and fees used for capital debt service and capital improvement (other than that paid by students for auxiliary enterprise debt service);
  • State funding for students in non-credit continuing or adult education courses and non-credit extension courses;
  • Sums appropriated to independent institutions for capital outlay or operating expenses;
  • Allocation of appropriations for financial aid grants to students attending in-state independent institutions; and
  • Allocation of appropriations for financial aid grants to students attending out-of-state institutions.

Research, Agricultural, and Medical Appropriations (RAM).:
Special purpose appropriations targeted by legislative budget line-item identification or institutional designation for the direct operation and administrative support of research centers and institutes, agricultural experiment stations, cooperative extension services, teaching hospitals, health care public services, and schools of medicine, osteopathic, dental, and veterinary science.

State Tax Appropriations:
Appropriations from state government taxes for public and independent higher education institution and agency annual operating expenses, excluding capital outlay (for new construction or debt retirement) and revenue from auxiliary enterprises. These sums are largely the same as those reported as part of the annual Grapevine survey of the Center for the Study of Higher Education Policy at Illinois State University.

Total Educational Revenues:
The sum of Educational Appropriations and Net Tuition Revenue.

Tuition and Fee Revenue

Gross Tuition and Fees:
Gross assessments by public postsecondary institutions for tuition and mandatory education fees.

Net Tuition Revenue:
The sum of Gross Tuition and Fee Assessments minus state-funded student financial aid, discounts and waivers, and medical school student tuition revenues. Enrollments, state appropriations, and medical school tuition revenues are set aside in many SHEF analyses to improve interstate evaluation.